Edouard Manet - The Execution of the Emperor Maximilian of Mexico 1868

The Execution of the Emperor Maximilian of Mexico 1868
The Execution of the Emperor Maximilian of Mexico
1868 33х43cm oil/canvas
Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute at Williamstown, MA, USA

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The Austrian Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian (1832 - 1867) was installed in Mexico as a puppet emperor by Napoleon III in 1863. He was dependent on the support of the occupying French army and when Napoleon withdrew his troops Maximilian was captured by Mexican forces loyal to their legitimate republican government. He was executed alongside two of his generals, Mejía and Miramón, on 19 June 1867.