Georges Seurat - Angelica at the rock. After ingres 1878

Angelica at the rock. After ingres 1878
Angelica at the rock. After ingres
1878 83x66cm oil/canvas
Norton Simon Museum, Pasadena, CA, USA

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Johannes Vermeer - The Girl with a Pearl Earring 1665. It is not a portrait, but a ‘tronie’ – a painting of an imaginary figure. Tronies depict a certain type or character; in this case a girl in exotic dress, wearing an oriental turban and an improbably large pearl in her ear.

From Norton Simon Museum, Pasadena:
One of the most innovative artists of the late nineteenth century, Georges-Pierre Seurat nevertheless spent his early years training within the traditional academic strictures of the École des Beaux-Arts. Like Edgar Degas, Seurat was a great admirer of Ingres, and as a student, he copied his work on a number of occasions. The strong contours in the work draw on Ingres's exquisite sense of modeling, but the younger artist, who copied this work in the Louvre at age 18, also focused his attention on the subject’s context: the foreboding atmospheric qualities reflecting her near death at the hands of a sea monster, and the hint of water at her feet as she awaits her rescue. Seurat copied Angelica’s figure from Ingres’s larger composition on at least two other occasions the year it arrived at the Louvre. The painting clearly made an impact on contemporary Parisian artists, as Degas bought a later version of Ingres’s picture for his own private collection.